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[navigasi.net] Museum - Kereta

Has been seen: 5254x

Indonesia 

Author

:

   Ninuk.A

Reference

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-

 

Location

:

Kel. Kadipaten;Kraton;Kot. Yogyakarta

GPS cordnt

:

S7.805820 - E110.362070

Altitude

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115 m

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English translation by Ninuk.A

 

 

 

 

 

Comments: 0 

 

 

Gallery: 12 

 



[navigasi.net] Museum - Kereta
The Carriage Museum (Museum Kareta) located not so far from the Kraton of Yogyakarta itself. It would be better if you are accompanied by a guide so he can explain the history of each carriage to you since ach carriage has a different story and designed for different purposes.

In general, all of the horse-drawn carriage was bought during the reign of Sri Hultan Hamengkubuwono (HB) VII. He was considered as the sultan of reformation. During his reign, he also renovated Kraton and bought a lot of carriages. People also believes that he was one of the wealthiest Sultan since no war and attacking happen during his reigning period (a lot of wars happen during the reign of his predecessor, the Sri Sultan HB VII).

There are 23 carriages kept in this museum. This place used to be the garage for the carriages and a horse still can be found next to this building. Some carriages which considered sacred was placed in a different room and the separation door will only be opened when there is a visitor comes.

Each of carriage has a name and the 23 carriages is as follows:


[navigasi.net] Museum - Kereta

1. Kareta Kyai Jongwiyat (Kyai Jongwiyat Carriage)
Made in the Netherlands (Den Haag) in 1880. It’s the legacy from Sri Sultan HB VII. It was being used during manggala yudha or war such as for troops inspections. Sri Sultan HB VII is the Sultan which experienced many wars with the Dutch during his reign. This carriage drawn by 6 horses. During the royal wedding of Sri Sultan HB X’s daughter recently, this carriage also took part in the procession. This carriage had been renovated in some parts such as they repaint the body into yellow.

2. Kareta Kyai Jolodoro.
Made in the Netherlands in 1815. This carriage is the legacy from Sri Sultan HB IV. Used for sightseeing (the word “Jolo” is a Javanese word for a “net” and “doro” means girls, so in general it means this carriage was used for sightseeing and to get attentions from girls). A carriage driver sits on the back. This carriage drawn by 4 horses.

3. Kareta Roto Biru
Made in the Netherlands in 1901 during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII. It was named “Roto Biru” perhaps it because the whole parts of this carriage was dominated by bright blue color including the wheels. This carriage was used for Manggala Yudha for the highest rank general. When Sri Sultan HB X held a marriage ceremony for his eldest daughter recently, this carriage was used for transporting the in-laws. This is a 4 horses-drawn carriage.


[navigasi.net] Museum - Kereta

4. Kyai Rejo Pawoko
Made in 1901 during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII which is designed for vehicle for the Sultan’s brothers. This is a 4 horses-drawn carriage. Some said this carriage was bought at the same time our 1st President Soekarno was born in 1901.

5. Kareta Landower.
This carriage was bought during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII in 1901 and made in the Netherlands. Previously this carriage was shown in the lobby of Ambarukmo Hotel. This carriage was drawn by 4 horses.

6. Kareta Premili.
KThis carriage was assembled in Semarang in 1925 with all its spare parts imported from the Netherlands. This carriage was designed to pick up royal dancers. This is a 4 horses-drawn carriage. In one of the wheel we can see “G. Barendsi”.

7. Kareta Kus No:10 (read as “Kus Sepuluh” carriage).
Made in the Netherlands in 1901 during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII. Originally this is a Landower carriage and can be used for transporting a bride. The original paint was green but was repainted into yellow and people believes this mean political since yellow is one of the biggest political party’s color. Although it was designed as the vehicle for the bride, but during the recent royal wedding this carriage was not in used.

8. Kareta Kapulitin.
This is a carriage for horse racing. It was bought during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VII and he was always a big fans of this sports. This carriage only being drawn by one horse only.

9. Kareta Kyai Kutha Kaharjo.
It was bought during the reign of Sri Sultan HB IX, made in Berlin in1927. Used during royal ceremonies in Kraton. This carriage was drawn by 4 horses.


[navigasi.net] Museum - Kereta

10. Kareta Kus Gading.
It was bought during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII and made in the Netherlands in 1901 and drawn by 4 horses.

11. Kareta Kyai Puspoko Manik.
This carriage made in Amsterdam and used as the vehicle during royal ceremonies including the carriage for the bridesmaid. This carriage was drawn by 4 horses.

12. Kareta Roto Praloyo.
This is a carriage to carry a coffin and bought during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII in 1938. This is the carriage brought the coffin of beloved Sri Sultan HB IX from Kraton to the royal’s tomb in Imogiri. This carriage was drawn by 8 horses.

13. Kareta Kyai Jetayu.
This carriage was bought during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII in 1931 and designed for the vehicle of the teenager princesses. This carriage was drawn by 4 horses and the carriage driver will sit on each horse.

14. Kareta Kyai Harsunaba.
This carriage designed for the daily transportation vehicle during the reign of Sri Sultan HBVI-VIII. It was bought in 1870 and drawn by 4 horses.

15. Kareta Kyai Wimono Putro.
It was bought during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VI in 1860. It was used during the coronation of crown prince. This carriage has not been renovated nor repainted. The wood color still remains the same. This carriage was drawn by 6 horses.

16. Kareta Kyai Manik Retno
This carriage was bought during the reign of Sri Sultan HB IV in 1815 and made in the Netherlands. This carriage was used for sightseeing for Sultan and his wife. It’s a 4 horses-drawn carriage.


[navigasi.net] Museum - Kereta

17. Kareta Kanjeng Nyai Jimad.
This carriage consider as the sacred legacy of Kraton, made in the Netherlands in 1750. It was a gift from the King of Spain and it means during that period we already have a relationships with Spain. This carriage was used as the daily transportation vehicle for Sultan, starting from Sri Sultan HB I – III. It was drawn by 8 horses and the condition still as the original. The suspension was made from leather. There’s a ritual held every month of Suro (month in Javanese almanac) to clean this carriage. The water used for ‘bathing’ this carriage is always wanted by many people.

18. Kareta Mondro Juwolo
This carriage used by Pangeran Diponegoro. It has been repainted during the Festival Kraton Nusantara (the Festival for all Kratons in the country). It was made in the Netherlands in 1800 and drawn by 6 horses. It was used for transportation vehicle.

19. Kareta Garudo Yeksa.
Made in the Netherlands in 1861 during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VI. This carriage was used during the coronation of a Sultan. It was drawn by 8 horses with the same color and sex. The ‘bathing’ ritual ceremony is held once a year every month of Suro. This carriage also known as the Golden Carriage. All parts is original including the small Garuda statue which made of 18 carat gold weighed 20kg. The gold only being polished prior to ceremony since if it’s being polished many times it will reduce the weigh of the gold. According to our guide, once being polished at least 6-7 grams of gold will loose from the statue. The shape of the crown looks like the top of our National Monument (= Monas) and made of brass. People said our 1st President Soekarno was inspired by the shape of this crown when he designed Monas. This carriage itself designed by Sri Sultan HB I and when the door opens there will be a stairs comes up just like the stairs for the plane’s door. This carriage only takes one carriage driver and it is still being used until now.


[navigasi.net] Museum - Kereta

20. Kareta Landower Wisman.
Bought from the Netherlands in 1901 during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII and renovated in 2003. This carriage was used as the normal transportation and also the vehicle for transporting the agriculture team through out the region.

21. Kareta Landower Surabaya.
This carriage was ordered since the reign of Sri Sultan HB VII but only during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII then this carriage was ready. This is a Swiss made carriage and used as the vehicle for transporting the agriculture team through out region.

22. Kareta Landower
This carriage made in the Netherlands during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VIII in 1901. It is a 4 horses-drawn-carriage.

23. Kyai Noto Puro.
This carriage made in the Netherlands during the reign of Sri Sultan HB VII. Originally used for Manggala Yudha or during war. It has been renovated and drawn by 4 horses.

Not only able to see many carriages, this museum also kept the replica of the horse seat used by Sultan called Kyai Cekatha. The real horse seat has diamond and made of gold. Some of the horse seat made of tiger's skin. Another collection kept in this museum is the accessories and the carriage driver’s wardrobe.

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